The Asbestos Case and Dispute Settlement in the World Trade Organization: The Uneasy Relationship Between Panels and the Appellate Body

This article deals with the working-level dispute-settlement apparatus of the World Trade Organization (“WTO”). In particular, it discusses the work of the Appellate Body and, functioning below it, panels established by the WTO to conduct proceedings in individual cases. It focuses on the relationship between the Appellate Body and panels, and on the responsibilities of the Appellate Body in the context of that relationship.