Equal Protection- The Social Dimension of European Community Law

There are two reasons for drawing attention to the social dimension of European Community law. First, the EEC treaty comprises different provisions on social policy whose importance is consistently underestimated: the treaty is often considered as merely establishing a “common market” and as only concerning economic problems. This approach is prominent in the United States, where the business world is primarily interested in trade with, and within, the common market, and where much literature is devoted to this subject. Second, the social provisions of the EEC treaty have given rise to an interesting evolution in the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Communities, on equal protection in particular. As a result, the Court’s case law has gradually begun to show some interesting parallels with previous developments in American law.