Appendix 1: Treaties of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation and Their Treatment of Service Industries

The following excerpt is from a 1981 article reviewing the development and current status of friendship, commerce and navigation (FCN) treaties and their treatment of the service industries. The article itself is based on the author’s survey of the FCN treaties in force between the United States and other nations as of 1981. In December 1985, the author updated the excerpt to reflect the effect on services of the recent, FCN-type program of bilateral investment treaties.-eds.