The Michigan Guidelines on the International Protection of Refugees

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Since 1999, Michigan Law’s Program in Refugee and Asylum Law has hosted colloquia on Challenges in International Refugee Law.

The purpose of each Colloquium is to tackle one difficult issue, and the result is a set of unanimously-agreed Michigan Guidelines.

The Guidelines are frequently cited by courts around the world, and help the way that judges, lawyers, and other decision-makers look at a refugee issue. More information


The Michigan Guidelines on:

Freedom of Movement (2017)

Risk for Reasons of Political Opinion (2015)

The Exclusion of International Criminals (2013)

The Right to Work (2009)

Protection Elsewhere (2007)

Well-Founded Fear (2004)

Nexus to a Convention Ground (2001)

The Internal Protection Alternative (1999)